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2017-02-27 05:51:55 来源网站: 百味书屋


Unit 1 Friendship

add up 合计

another time 改时间

get sth done 使…被做

calm down 镇定下来

have got to 不得不

be concerned about 关心;挂念

walk the dog 遛狗

make a list of列出

share sth with sb 和某人分享某物

go through 经历;仔细检查

hide away 躲藏;隐藏

set down 放下;记下

a series of 一系列;一套

be crazy about 对…着迷

on purpose 故意

in order to/ so as to 为了

face to face 面对面地

according to 按照;根据…所说

get along with 与…相处

pack up 收拾,打理行装

have trouble with sb/sth 同某人闹意见;做…有困难

fall in love 相爱

try out 试验;试用

join in 参加(活动)

communicate with sb 和…交际

look to sth 注意,留心某事

cheat sb (out) of sth 骗取某人某物

have the/a habit of doing sth 有做…的习惯

be ignorant of无知的

1. I wonder if… 我想知道是否….

2. It’s because… 这是因为…. 此从句中because不能用since或as 代替

4. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.

=While you were walking the dog, …在遛狗时,你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子,结果狗被车撞了。 (当while, when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。)

7. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of birds,

moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,曾有一段时间,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未使我心醉神迷过。

8. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face.


9. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.如果您给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。 (I would be grateful if… 委婉客气提出请求)

11. She found it difficult to settle and…

13. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

15.It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

Unit2English around the world

be different from 与…不同

play a role/ part (in) 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与

play an important role/ part 在…中起重要作用because of 因为;由于

such as 例如

believe it or not 信不信由你

come up (vi) 走进;上来;发生;被讨论

come up with 提出

ever before 从前

at the end of 在…末期

even if/ though 即使

be based on 在...基础上

close to 距离…近

make (good/ full) use of (好好/充分)利用

change…into 把…变成

in the early days 在早期

from one place to another 从一处到另一处


the same…as 与…相同的

at present 目前

as a rule 通常;照例

be present at 在席;出席

carry out a rule 执行规则

be absent from 缺席

present sth to sb / present sb with sth

at sb’s request 应某人的要求

have a command of掌握

make a request 请求

give commands 命令

request that …(should)+v原形

in the 1600’s = in the 1600s

as we know 正如我们所知

9. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. (对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。)

句型:It is + adj/n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是…

扩充:It is + adj+ of /for sb to do sth

当句式中形容词修饰to do sth 时用for; 若形容词修饰sb,则用of.

eg: It’s kind of you to help me carry the box.


1. either…or…和neither…nor…连接两个名词作主语,谓语动词采取就近原则。

2. be different in


be different from强调在各方面的不同 in the end 最后,最终 后无of结构

Unit 3

one-way fare 单程票

ke/ give a speech 发表演说

judging from 根据……来判断

tens of thousands of 成千上万

dig out 挖掘

a great/ large number of =a great many/good 大量的

be trapped in/ under 陷入……/ 陷在……下面

have sb do sth= make sb do sth= let sb do sth 让某人做某事

come to an end (vi) = put/ bring sth to an end = put/ bring an end to sth 结束某事 be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪

invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

think little of 对……评价低

think highly of 对……评价高

one-third 1/3 two-thirds 2/3

seventy-five percent75%

agree with sb

give out 发出(气味等);分发;耗尽

give off 发出(气味等)

agree to do sth

give away 赠送;泄露

agree on sth 达成一致意见

give back 归还

right away= right now= at once= immediately 立刻

be known as 作为……而知名

as is known to all 众所周知

be known for 因……而出名

as could be expected 正如可以预料到的

it is useless doing sth 干某事是无用的

happen= take place= come about= break out

偶发有计划偶发 战争等爆发

4. It seemed that the world was at an end.

6. All hope was not lost. all 与not 连用 表示部分否定

7. It’s never too late to learn.活到老,学到老。

附:分词用法 之 作定语

falling leaves 正在落的叶子 boiling water 正在沸腾的水

fallen leaves已经落在地上的叶子 boiled water 开水

篇二:高中英语重点短语 必修一


Module 1

1. be similar to sth. 与某物相似 be similar in ? 在??方面相似 2. attitude to/towards sb. 对某人的态度 3. far from 远离;远远不;完全不 4. introduce..sb.. to..sb. 把某人介绍给某人 5. have fun =have a good time 开心,玩得高兴 make fun of嘲弄;取笑 6.be enthusiastic about sb./sth. 对某人/事热心 With enthusiasm = enthusiastically 热情地 7. give sb. instructions to do sth. 指导某人做某事 follow the instructions按照说明

under sb’s instructions 在某人的指导下 8. in other words 换句话说 in a/one word简言之;总之 9. look forward to sth. 期望某物 look forward to doing sth.盼望/期待做某事 10. A is impressed with BA对B印象深刻Impress sth. on sb. = impress sb. with sth.使某人铭记某事

sth. have/ leave/make a deep impression on sb. 某事给某人留下深刻印象 11. make progress 取得进步 12. be disappointed with sb. 对某人失望 13. mind doing 介意做某事 14.on the screen 在屏幕上 15. be divided into 被分成divide sth. into ?把某物分成(若干部分) separate A from B 把A 与B 分开 16. be nothing like一点儿不像,丝毫不像 17. in a fun way用有趣的方式 18. be bored 感到厌倦

19. feel good about doing sth. 感到做某事快乐 20. So it is with A / It is the same with A A 也是如此 Module 2

1. avoid doing 避免做某事 2. be strict with sb. 对某人严格 be strict in sth. 对某事严格 strictly speaking严格说来,严格地讲 3. admit doing 承认做过某事4. as a result (of... ) (由于... 的)结果

result in导致 5.prefer to do... rather than do…

would rather do…than do

would do… rather than do… 宁愿做 .. 而不愿做 6. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

7. a couple of两三个 8. It's up to you to do sth. 由 你决定做某事。 9. have problems with ? 与?有问题 10. make sure 确保;确信 11. in fact 实际上,事实上 12. tell jokes 讲笑话 play a joke on sb. 取笑某人 13. be patient with sb. 对某人有耐心 with patience 耐心地 14. the first time 第一次 15. wave one’s hands挥舞双手 16. “with + 复合宾语结构”指的是: with + 名词 + doing sth. with + 名词 +done with + 名词 to do

with + 名词 + adj./adv./介词短语

17. sth. is true of … 某种情况适用于… 18.either… or … 或者… 或者… ; 要么…要么…Module 3

1、 get on a bus上(车、船)

get off a bus 下(车、船) 2、 get intothe car 上车

get out of the car 下(车) 3、 take off(飞机)起飞;脱下;取消;去掉 take in接纳;吸收;包括;领会

take over占据;接任(职位) 4、within walking distance 走路去就可以了in the distance 在远处 5、abandon oneself to sth. 沉迷于某事物 6. A is short for B A是B的简写 7. not... any more = no more

not…any longer不再??(强调动作的不再延续) 8. out of date 过时

out of order坏了,乱了 out of danger 脱险 out of work 失业 9. refer to sth.参考;查阅;指的是 10. supply sb. with sth. = supply sth. to sb.


offer sb. sth. /offer sth. to sb.

向某人提供某物 provide sb. with sth. /provide sth. to/for sb. 向某人提供某物

11. pass a law通过一项法律

break a law违反法律


12. allow/ permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事

13. on the coast 在海滨,在沿海

the first visit to sw. 到某地的第一次参观 14. try to do 设法、努力做某事

try doing sth. 尝试干某事

manage to do sth. 设法做成了某事 16. at a speed of 以?的速度

at full speed 全速with great speed以很快的速度 speed up 加速 17. be patient with sb.对某人有耐心

be patient of sth. 能忍受某事 18. give an interview to sb. 接见某人,接受某人采访have an interview with sb. 采访某人 19. be exhausted from/with sth. 由于某事而筋疲力尽 Module 4

1. put up修建;张贴;举起;住宿 put out 熄灭;关(灯);出版;生产 put up with 忍受;忍耐;受苦 2. so far 到目前为止 Up to now到目前为止 till now 到目前为止 3. get away from 摆脱 4. a great many 许多;大量 5. a number of 许多;大量 6. go up上升 go down下沉;坠落 7.. in the city of 在?市 8. be made up of由?组成


16. exchange sth. with sb. 和某人交换某物 exchange A for B 用A 交换Bin exchange for ?与?交换 17. get in contact with = make contact with 与?取得联系

keep in contact / touch with sb.与某人保持联系 be in / out of contact with sb. 与某人有/失去联系 18. There are times when ? 有些时候? Module 5

1. add... to...往?加入? add to ?增加;增添 add up sth.= add sth. together把某物加起来 add up to? 总计;总共有 2.. expand (sth. ) into ?(把某物)扩大成为? 3. in the area of 在?领域 4. be proud of 为? 感到骄傲 = take pride in

5. be supposed to do应该做某事 6. think of想起,记起;打算;认为 think about 想;考虑 think over仔细考虑 7. react with 与?反应 8. at the bottom of 在?的底部 at the top (of) 在(?的)上面 9. put sth. in order把某物按顺序排列 10. arrive at / come to/ draw/reach

a conclusion 得出结论make a conclusion 下结论 in conclusion 最后 11. keep sth. out of... 躲开;使某物不进入? keep out sth. 使某物不得入内 12. go ahead 开始

be made out of用?改制而成 9..feel fortunate (in) doing sth.做某事感到幸运 10.. make money赚钱 13. mix ?with? 把?与?混合 11. attract sb’s attention引起某人的注意 14. take aim at sth. 把目标瞄准某物 12. have bother in doing sth. 做某事有麻烦/费事without aim 无目的地 13. starve for sth.渴望得到某物aim sth. at sb.用某物瞄准某人starve to do sth.渴望做某事 15. in the form of以?的形式 14 It is + 一段时间 + since 从句(谓语用瞬间动词) fill in /out a form填表格自从?到现在已经过了? 16. find out 查明,弄清楚 eg.It is 5 days since I bought the pen. 17. the same as 和?一样 我买这支笔都5天了。 18. keep one’s balance保持平衡 It is + 一段时间 + since 从句(谓语用延续性动词) lose one’s balance 失去平衡 自从某个动作结束已经过了? 19. to one’s astonishment 使某人吃惊的是eg. It is 3 years since she lived here. 、她都3年没住在这儿了。 Module 6 15. This is the first time sb. have done sth.


1. consist of由?组成 2. as well 也 (常放在句尾)

as well as 同?一样;和;同 may/might as well 最好,何不,还是?的好 3. become/be known as 作为?而出名 = be famous as

be known for = be famous for 因?而著称 be known to all众所周知 4. go down 下降;下沉;倒下;降低 5. come up with 提出,想出;赶上 sth. come up某事被提出 6. from that moment on 从那时起 from then on 从那时起from tommow on 从明天起 7. concentrate on/upon聚精会神;集中思想 8.agree with sb. 同意某人的看法 agree to a plan同意计划 agree on/upon sth. 就?取得一致意见 9. compare... with...把?与?相比 compare... to... 比拟;比作;与?相比 10. communicate with与??联系 11. wrap up把……包起来;穿得暖和;完成 12. hesitate to do sth. 犹豫、顾虑做某事 13. a series of 一系列

14. have /get access to sth. 可以使用;可进入 access to sth.接近某物的机会;进入?的权利15. ask for permission 请求允许 16. consist of 由? 组成/构成 = be made up of

17. log off注销,退出 18. log on 联机,进入 19. via the Internet通过网络 20. at the moment 目前





1、add up合计 add up to?共计, 总计达


2、upset sb. 某人不安 upset oneself about sth. 为某事而烦恼

be upset at/about 因…而烦恼

3、ignore sb./sth. 忽视,不理会 be ignorant of 对… 无知 ,不了解

ignorant adj 无知的,愚昧的 ignorance n 无知.愚昧

4、calm vt.&vi. (使)平静;(使)镇定 calm down镇静, 平静

calm sb. down 使某人镇静 adj. 平静的;镇定的

keep calm 保持镇静

5、concern vt. 使担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心;关注

with concern 关切地 show (no) concern for/about sb. 对某人(不)关心,concern oneself with/ in 参与,干涉 be concerned with 与… 有关系

be concerned about/ for sth. /that-clause 为…担心, 挂念

As far as… be concerned 就某某而言 concerning prep. 关于,有关

6、walk the dog 遛狗

7、go through 经历, 经受

go through a hard time 经历了一段困难时期go through the baggage 检查行李

go through the newspaper 浏览报纸 go through lots of money 花了很多钱 8、set down. 记下,放下

set down the ideas on paper 把想法写在纸上set me down at the bus-stop 在车站让我下车 9、a series of 一系列的, 一连串的

a series of books 丛书 a series of stamps 一套邮票 a series of pictures 连环画

10、on purpose 故意地= by design= deliberately by chance/accident= accidentallylie to sb. on purpose 故意向某人撒谎 on purpose to do sth. 为了…而特地 go there on purpose to see sb. 特意到那里去看某人for/with the purpose of 为了…地目的

11、in order to/ so as to (do sth.) 为了, 以……为目的

so as to “为了”, 只能用在句中。 in order that / so that “为了”, 其后接句子。

12、at dusk 在黄昏时刻 at dawn 在黎明时分

13、face to face 面对面地(作状语)

have a face-to-face interview with the hero 和这位英雄进行一次面对面的采访

shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地 hand in hand 手拉手地

heart to heart 贴心地 side by side 并排地

back to back 背靠背地 arm in arm 臂挽臂地 word by word 逐字地

14、settle sb. 使..定居,安家settle an argument/ a matter 解决争端/问题

settle down 定居下来,平静下来,舒适地坐下

15、suffer vi.&vt.遭受;忍受;经历

⑴suffer from因……而痛苦, 患……病

suffer from loneliness 因孤独而痛苦 suffer from a bad cold 得了重感冒

⑵遭受, 蒙受(痛苦、饥饿、寒冷、损失等)

suffer a heavy loss遭受严重损失 suffer pain/hunger/cold/death 遭受痛苦;饥饿;寒冷;死亡 sufferer n. 受苦者 suffering n. 痛苦, 苦难

16、recover from illness 生病后恢复

17、get/be tired of 对… 厌烦

18、pack (sth.) up 将(东西)装箱打包

19、get along / on with

get along / on with sb. 与某人相处 get along / on with sth. 某事进展

get along / on well / nicely / badly with 与……处得好 / 不好; ……进展顺利 / 不顺利

20、fall in love 相爱,爱上

21、join in sth. / doing sth. 参加活动 join in playing football 参加踢足球

join in the game 参加游戏活动 join 参加组织团体join the army 参军 join sb. in 和……一起参加……活动 join them in singing 与他们一起唱歌

22、have trouble / difficulty / problem with sb. / sth. 和某人相处 / 做某事有困难

have trouble / difficulty / problem (in) doing sth.做某事有困难

Unit 1


1. Your friend comes to school 2. 3. 4. about everything to do with nature.

5. I can well remember that a deep blue sky, the songs of the birds, 6. …

7. be experienced

8. 9.



Ⅰ. 词语翻译:(20分,每小题1分)

1. 爱上____________________ 2. 经历,遭受____________________

3. 与…相处,进展____________________ 4. 在黄昏时刻_____________________

5. 故意 _______________________6. 为了 ________________________

7. 痊愈;恢复____________________ 8. 在户外________________________

9. 对……厌烦_____________________ 10. 定居_________________________

11. 不理睬______________________12. 提示,小费____________________

13. 十几岁的青少年________________ 14. 感激的 ____________________

15. a series of ___________________16. add up _______________________

17. pack ( sth) up___________________ 18. no longer _______________________

19. hide away ____________________ 20. calm down______________________

II. 完成句子:(10分,每小题1分)

1. He _________ ___________ _____________(痴迷)playing basketball.

2. This is the first time that I ________ __________ _____(看) this movie..

3. It’s wrong of you _____ ________ ________ (作弊) the exam.

4. The two world leaders are holding a final talk ________ _____ ______(面对面).

5. He ______________ ( 碰巧) be reading a novel when I came in.

6. I tell him that he _________________________ (本应该努力学习)。

7. I _______ _________ (想知道是否)he is a doctor.

8. It’s no pleasure ________________ (看这部电影)。

9. It’s ____________(没有用) reading this book.

10. We ___________________(彼此认识) since I came here.

Ⅲ. 单项选择,从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择最佳答案完成句子。15分

1. Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called present.

A. an; / B. a; the C. a; / D. an; the

2. The engine of the car was out of order and the heavy rain the helplessness of the couple.

A. added to

B. resulted fromD. made up C. turned out

3. Hearing the news about the crash of Air France Flight 447, he became very concerned his daughter on board.

A. inB. with C. about D. at

4. In a way I can see what you mean, even though I don’t your point of view.

A. permit B. recognize C. agree D. share

5. The continuous rain the harvesting of the wheat by three weeks.

A. set back B. set off C. set out D. set aside

6. When he borrowed the car last time, he broke it and I had to pay to get it .

A. repair B. repairing C. to repair D. repaired

7. This kind of flower needs special care it can live through winter.

A. because B. so thatC. even if D. as

8. Linda had to call a taxi because the box was to carry all the way home.

A. much too heavy

C. heavy too much B. too much heavy D. too heavy much

9. — I him to give up playing video games.

— Did he agree to?

— No result.

A. advised B. persuaded C. suggested D. heard

10. — Mr Green is bright and hard working.

— It’s no ______ he has succeeded in doing his research.

A. wonder B. question C. problem D. doubt

11. Simon thought his i-Phone was broken _____ his little sister pointed out that he had forgotten

to turn it on.

A. because B. unless C. after D. until

12. Seeing their team beat Netherlands 1∶0 during extra-time in 2010 World Cup Final, the

whole Spain was unable to keep _______.

A. quiet B. silent C. calm

13. Tom said he would ________ be friends with Jack.

A. no more B. no longer C. any longer

14. Can you tell me ______ the railway station?

A. how I can get to B. how can I get to

C. where I can get to D. where can I get to

15. — Did she break the vase ______?

— No. Quite by accident.

A. on purpose B. with purpose

C. for purpose D. at purpose

D. still D. any more


1、because of 因为(后接名词、代词、名词性从句)

due to “由于”, 作表语或状语; thanks to “由于, 多亏”, 作表语或状语;

owing to “由于”, 作表语或状语; as a result of “因为……的结果”, 作状语;

on account of “因为”, 作状语


adj. 本地的, 本国的

one’s native land/country/language 故乡;祖国;母语

a native speaker of English 以英语为母语的人 be native to (动植物)原产于某地n. 本地人;当地人;原产于某地的动植物 a native of ZhongXiang 钟祥人

3、official: adj 官方的;正式的

an official language 一种官方语言 an official document 一份正式文件

4、come up: 走上前来;被提出;(太阳、月亮)升起;发生

He came up to me and said hello to me

Your question came up at the meeting

The sun has come up

I’ll let you know if anything comes up

come up with a good idea: 想出一个好点子


vt. 以??为根据:base sth. on sth. 使??以??为依据/基础

base one’s opinions on facts: 意见以事实为依据be based on: 以??为依据

n.基础:make London the base for revolutionary work 使伦敦成为革命工作的根据地 basis n. 根据;基本原则

on the basis of?? 在??的基础上 the basis of/for your opinion 你的看法的依据

6、present v. 赠送;呈现;介绍;描述

present sth. to sb./present sb. with sth. 向某人赠送/颁发/授予/介绍某物

present sb. to sb. else 向某人介绍/引见某人

adj 现在的;在场地

be present at the meeting 出席会议 the present situation目前的形式

at present/at the present time 目前;现在 everyone present 在场的各位

for the present 眼下;暂时 n. 赠品;礼物

7、vocabulary 词汇;词汇量

with/have a large vocabulary: 词汇量很大 increase/enlarge vocabulary 增加/扩大词汇(量)

8、make use of 利用;使用 make full use of 充分利用

make good use of 好好利用 make little use of 不充分利用

make the best (use) of 更好地利用;往好里做 make the most of 更好地利用

His progress in study lies in the good use he made of his spare time

We should consider what use can be made of such a material

9、such as: 用于列举,往往不能把事物全部列出,可以以“名词(,)such as+被列举的事物”


Sweet food, such as chocolate can make you fat

=Such sweet food as chocolate can make you fat


V. 命令;指令;掌握

command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

command (that) sb. (should) do sth. 从句中用虚拟语气


obey the captain’s commands 服从船长的命令 give a command 发布命令

by sb’s command 根据??的命令 take the command of an army: 统帅/指挥一支军队 under the command of sb.=under sb’s command 在??的指挥下

have a good command of English. 精通/熟练掌握英语

11、request V. 请求,要求

request sth. 要求/请求得到,索要某物request sth. from sb. 向某人索要某物

request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 request that sb. (should) do sth.

It’s requested that 从句 据要求 as requested 依据请求


unit 2

  • 高一英语必修一词组归纳